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Table Of Contents

Part I
1. The Astronomy and Geometry of the Greeks
1.1. The Greeks Explain the Universe
1.2. Achieving the Impossible?
1.3. Greek Geometry
1.4. The Pythagorean Theorem
1.5. The Radian Measure of an Angle
1.6. Greek Trigonometry
1.7. Aristarchus Sizes Up the Universe
1.8. Problems and Projects
2. The Genius of Archimedes
2.1. The Conic Sections
2.2. The Question of Area
2.3. Playing with Squares
2.4. The Area of a Parabolic Section
2.5. The Method of Archimedes
2.6. Problems and Projects
3. A New Astronomy
3.1. A Fixed Sun at the Center
3.2. Copernicus's Model of Earth's Orbit
3.3. About the Distances of the Planets from the Sun
3.4. Tycho Brahe and Parallax
3.5. Kepler's Elliptical Orbits
3.6. The Studies of Galileo
3.7. The Size of the Solar System
3.8. Problems and Projects
4. The Coordinate Geometry of Descartes
4.1. The Real Numbers
4.2. The Coordinate Plane
4.3. About the Parabola
4.4. About the Ellipse
4.5. Quadratic Equations in x and y
4.6. Circles and Trigonometry
4.7. Problems and Projects
5. The Calculus of Leibniz
5.1. Straight Lines
5.2. Tangent Lines to Curves
5.3. The Function Concept
5.4. The Derivative of a Function
5.5. Fermat, Kepler, and Wine Barrels
5.6. The Definite Integral
5.7. Cavalieri's Principle
5.8. Differentials and the Fundamental Theorem
5.9. Volumes of Revolution
5.10. Problems and Projects
6. The Calculus of Newton
6.1. Simple Functions and Areas
6.2. The Derivative of a Simple Function
6.3. From Simple Functions to Power Series
6.4. The Mathematics of a Moving Point
6.5. Galileo and Acceleration
6.6. Dealing with Forces
6.7. The Trajectory of a Projectile
6.8. Newton Studies the Motion of the Planets
6.9. Connecting Force and Geometry
6.10. The Law of Universal Gravitation
6.11. Problems and Projects
Part II
7. Differential Calculus
7.1. Mathematical Functions
7.2. A Study of Limits
7.3. Continuous Functions
7.4. Differentiable Functions
7.5. Computing Derivatives
7.6. Some Theoretical Concerns
7.7. Derivatives of Trigonometric Functions
7.8. Understanding Functions
7.9. Graphing Functions
7.10. Exponential Functions
7.11. Logarithm Functions
7.12. Hyperbolic Functions
7.13. Final Comments about Graphs
7.14. Problems and Projects
8. Applications of Differential Calculus
8.1. Derivatives as Rates of Change
8.1.1. Growth of Organisms
8.1.2. Radioactive Decay
8.1.3. Cost of Production
8.2. The Pulley Problem of L'Hospital
8.2.1. The Solution Using Calculus
8.2.2. The Solution by Balancing Forces
8.3. The Suspension Bridge
8.4. An Experiment of Galileo
8.4.1. Sliding Ice Cubes and Spinning Wheels
8.4.2. Torque and Rotational Inertia
8.4.3. The Mathematics behind Galileo's Experiment
8.5. From Fermat's Principle to the Reflecting Telescope
8.5.1. Fermat's Principle and the Reflection of Light
8.5.2. The Refraction of Light
8.5.3. About Lenses
8.5.4. Refracting and Reflecting Telescopes
8.6. Problems and Projects
9. The Basics of Integral Calculus
9.1. The Definite Integral of a Function
9.2. Volume and the Definite Integral
9.3. Lengths of Curves and the Definite Integral
9.4. Surface Area and the Definite Integral
9.5. The Definite Integral and the Fundamental Theorem
9.6. Area as Antiderivative
9.7. Finding Antiderivatives
9.7.1. Integration by Substitution
9.7.2. Integration by Parts
9.7.3. Some Algebraic Moves
9.8. Inverse Functions
9.9. Inverse Trigonometric and Hyperbolic Functions
9.9.1. Trigonometric Inverses
9.9.2. Hyperbolic Inverses
9.10. Trigonometric and Hyperbolic Substitutions
9.11. Some Integral Formulas
9.12. The Trapezoidal and Simpson Rules
9.13. One Loop of the Sine Curve
9.14. Problems and Projects
10. Applications of Integral Calculus
10.1. Estimating the Weight of Domes
10.1.1. The Hagia Sophia
10.1.2. The Roman Pantheon
10.2. The Cables of a Suspension Bridge
10.3. From Pocket Watch to Pseudosphere
10.3.1. Volume and Surface Area of Revolution of the Tractrix
10.3.2. The Pseudosphere
10.4. Calculating the Motion of a Planet
10.4.1. Determining Position in Terms of Time
10.4.2. Determining Speed and Direction
10.4.3. Earth, Jupiter, and Halley
10.5. Integral Calculus and the Action of Forces
10.5.1. Work and Energy, Impulse and Momentum
10.5.2. Analysis of Springs
10.5.3. The Force in a Gun Barrel
10.5.4. The Springfield Rifle
10.6. Problems and Projects
11. Basics of Differential Equations
11.1. First-Order Separable Differential Equations
11.2. The Method of Integrating Factors
11.3. Direction Fields and Euler's Method
11.4. The Polar Coordinate System
11.5. The Complex Plane
11.6. Second-Order Differential Equations
11.7. The Basics of Power Series
11.8. Taylor and Maclaurin Series
11.9. Solving a Second-Order Differential Equation
11.10. Free Fall with Air Resistance
11.10.1. Going Up
11.10.2. Coming Down
11.10.3. Bullets and Ping-Pong Balls
11.11. Systems with Springs and Damping Elements
11.11.1. The Family Sedan and the Stock Car
11.12. More about Hanging Cables
11.13. Problems and Projects
12. Polar Calculus and Newton's Planetary Orbits
12.1. Graphing Polar Equations
12.2. The Conic Sections in Polar Coordinates
12.3. The Derivative of a Polar Function
12.4. The Lengths of Polar Curves
12.5. Areas in Polar Coordinates
12.6. Equiangular Spirals
12.7. Centripetal Force in Cartesian Coordinates
12.8. Going Polar
12.9. From Conic Section to Inverse Square Law and Back Again
12.10. Gravity and Geometry
12.11. Spiral Galaxies
12.12. Problems and Projects
Image Credits and Notes

Calculus in Context
Background, Basics, and Applications
Publication Date: 15 Apr 2017
Status: Available
Usually ships 2-3 business days after receipt of order.
Trim Size: 7" x 10"
Page Count: 712 pages
Illustrations: 645 line drawings
ISBN: 9781421422305
Subject: Mathematics